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78                                            FLOBA  IND1CA.
scentia, ad nervos pneaertim fusco-tomentosa, juniora dense tomentosa. Areofa sti-
pularis petiolura fere requans. Pedunculi tenninales, solitarii, dense tomentosi.
Alabastri globosi, 1^-pollicares, bractea spathacea ovata purparea involuti. f lores
globosi, nivei, suaveolentes. Sepala 3, fere tripollicaria, late obovata. Petala- 6,
late obovata, interiora minora. Carpella in spicam oblongam 2-3-poflicarem con-
gesta, breviter apiculata. Semina 1-2.
This is the species which attains tŁe greatest elevation, and penetrates farthest
into the interior of the Himalaya. It seems nearly allied to M. conspicua of Japan,
a species now common in our gardens, and will, in aU probability, prove equally hardy.
3. M. sphenotcarpa (Eoxb. Cor. iii. t. 366); fpliis oblongjs
glabris, floribus coaetaneis, spathis cinereo-incanisa petalis 6, carpeflis
longe rostratis.—Wall. Cat. 975 !—Liriodendron grandiflorum, Roxb.
M. Ind. ii. 65. Michelia macrophylla, Don, Prod. Nep. 226. ' Talauma
Boxburghii, G. Don, Gen. Syst. i. 85.
HAB. In montibus subtropicis Bengalias orientalis prope Chittagonpr,
Rozb.f in mont. Khasia, alt. 2-3000 ped., Roxb. Wall!; in Nipal
Wall!—(Ą1. vere.) (v. v.)
Jrbor mediocris, ramosa. Bami taberculis crebris notati, adnlti glabri, juniores
<jnm omnibus partibus novellis cinereo-incani vel suhtomentosi. Medulla septata.
Folia oblonga, versus basin angustata, obtnsa vel vix acuta, coriacea, utrinque glaber-
rima.aut snbtus minutissime puberula, 8-16 poll, longa, 8-6 lata, petiolo 1-2-polli-
cari. Nervi subtus validi, obliqui, paralleli. Pediatculi validi, tenninales, solitarii,
incano-tomentosi, annulis pluiimis approximatis notati. floret magni, albi, suaveo-
lentes, spathis plnribus cito deciduis involuti.. Sepala 3, eittus herbacea. Petala,
6, alba, ovalia, crassa, carnosa, margine u&dulata. Ovaria plurima in conom imbri-
caiysi, rosti;o ensiformi villoso. Carpella in strobilum cylindricnm 8-12 (vel ex
Roxb. 16) pollices longum dense imbncata, extus tuberculata, rostro ultrapollicari
rngrloso lateraliter compresso.
The very coriaceous leaves and the long-beaked fruit remove this.species to a con-
siderable distance from the other Himalayan species. On this account Dr. Wallich
has, in his Catalogue, proposed to constitute of it a new genus (Sphenocarpus], but
it seems to us to possess no characters of sufficient importance to make it desirable
to separate it.
Sepala et $etala plerumque conformia et concolora, 9-21. Gyno-
$ forum stipitatum. Ovaria 2-6- vel pluri-ondata. Carpella coriacea,
laxe spicata, ssepe subremota, dorso longitudinaliter dehiscentia.—Ar-
bores s&pe eacelsa, floribus (excepta M. Cathcartii) axillaribus.
The laxly spited carpels, numerous ovules, and axillary flowers, in general suffi-
ciently characterize this genus* One or other of these characters, however, occa-
• sdonally fails us, and the stalked gynophore or torus alone remains; and by that cha-
racter, in combination with most of those just enumerated, the genus may with cer-
tainty be known. Thus, though 3f. Punduana and Nilagirica have not more than
two ovules, and would thus technically be referable to Magnolia^ yet their axillary
flowers and distant carpels sufficiently distinguish them from that genus. The most
anomalous species is M. Cathcartii, which has terminal flowers, *and more densely
imbricated carpels tjwn are usually seen in Michelia. Its numerous ovules and sti-
pitate gynophore, however, prevent its being referred to Magnolia, and its general
habit ftems to demand its admission among the Michelia. This genus is entirely
Indian. Two species are natives of the mountains of the Madras Peninsula, and one
of Ceylon. In the. shady, forests of the eastern Himalaya five species form'a promi-